Mental Health – Understanding Anxiety Disorders

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The following article will give you a broad overview of Anxiety disorders. Anxiety is something we all face at times; it is however significantly different when it has become a disorder.

What is Anxiety Disorder?

Anxiety is the normal and natural reaction when faced with danger, threat or stress. As a normal reaction it alert us to a potentially dangerous situation. For some people however the anxiety can prevent them from living a normal life.

There are a few types of anxiety disorders:

  • Panic disorder
  • Agroraphobia
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Social Phobia
  • Specific Phobia

General symptoms of Anxiety Disorders

Even though every specific type has some of their own symptoms, there are generally a few things in common:

Behavioral: people with anxieties may do anything to avoid certain places, situations or people.

Physical: people may experience changes in breathing, heart palpitations, chest pain, muscle tension, sweating, headaches and nausea. It affects their concentration and sleep pattern and therefore leaves them tired and with a lack of energy.

Emotional: people worry excessively; they are likely to feel irritable and highly strung. They also worry that something dangerous or dreadful might happen.

Difference between fear and anxiety

These two terms may feel very similar on a physical and emotional level. With fear, you can usually name the thing that your fear is based on. With anxiety disorders despite people can not always name the reason why they feel anxious.

Treatment options

There are very successful treatments for people suffering from anxiety disorders. Read up on the specific type of anxiety to get more information.

In general therapies like behavioral therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and general counseling are very helpful. For certain people and certain conditions medication will be suggested – check with your general practitioner, doctor or psychologist for details and specifics about your case.

Get help

Remember that anxiety disorder, just like any other form of illness, can affect anyone, no matter what sex, race, culture, age or level of intelligence. It is important to get help and you do not have to work it out on your own. Anxiety can cause a lot of suffering and distress and make life challenging to deal with if you do not get treated.

To help yourself in the case of mild anxiety make sure you talk to a friend or family member or counselor, eat a balanced diet, exercise regularly and use forms of relaxation that work for you.

Remember: If you’;re worried that your loved one is dealing with Anxiety Disorders seek external support and get them checked out by a medical professional.