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Schizophrenia is a brain disorder which alters the way its sufferer thinks, acts, conveys emotions, distinguishes reality, and interacts with other people. Commonly, people with schizophrenia experience hallucinations, delusions, disorganizations in speech and thinking, and dysfunctions in social or occupational spheres. However, not all sufferers of the disorder show similar signs. The symptoms of the brain disorder may differ depending on the type of the schizophrenia.
Among several subtypes of schizophrenia (paranoid, disorganized, catatonic, undifferentiated, and residual types), paranoid schizophrenia is the most common subtype of that happens to people. Compared to other subtypes of schizophrenia, a person with paranoid schizophrenia may function better in the society as he or she will not show symptoms such as memory problems, dulled emotions, and concentration problems. In reverse, a paranoid schizophrenic tends to think more organized.
Until now, there are no exact factors known as the cause of paranoid schizophrenia. However, some risk factors which can trigger the mental disorder may include family history, fetal malnutrition during pregnancy, viral infection during pregnancy, childhood abuse or trauma, drugs consumptions, and stress during early life.
Commonly, symptoms of paranoid schizophrenia include:
– Delusions; which can include the delusions of reference, exalted birth, grandiose, persecution, special mission, bodily change, or jealousy.
– Auditory hallucinations; the sufferer hears voices that give her or him important commands or even threats. He or she may also hear voices without verbal structures such as laughing, humming, or whistling.
– Other kinds of hallucinations; can include sexual hallucinations or hallucinations of smell and taste. Visual hallucinations can also be felt but in rare dominance.
– High anxiety; one of the common symptoms for the paranoid subtype.
– Aggression; at some levels, aggressions can turn into the tendency of violence. Violence in a paranoid schizophrenic may be harmful to the sufferer himself as well as people around him.
– Anger; which ranges from mild irritations to fury and rage.
– Aloofness; the sufferer can be physically and emotionally reserved and detached from others.
– Condescension; patient may feel that he or she knows what other people don’t.
Although may still function in the society due to the intact memory, concentration, and emotions, a paranoid schizophrenia patient is particularly dangerous since the sufferer may have suicidal tendency. Often, the auditory hallucinations distort the sufferer’s mind into thinking and behaving of suicides. If you at some point are considering suicide and having the means available, call immediately 911, a family member, friend, religious leader, doctor, crisis center, or other person you think would help you with the problem.